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NASA’s DART spacecraft successfully hits asteroid in planetary defense test.


NASA's DART spacecraft successfully hits asteroid in planetary defense test.

NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) successfully completed testing of a method for planetary defense against near-Earth objects, during which the DART spacecraft collided with an asteroid, causing the asteroid to change direction,This was the NASA Space Agency’s first attempt to move to an asteroid. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) is the world’s first planetary defense technology demonstration that has successfully hit an asteroid target, NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) has shown a viable mitigation technique to protect against an Earth-bound asteroid or comet.

The mission control team at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) announced a successful impact Monday at 7:14 p.m. NASA Administrator Bill Nelson says DART represents an unprecedented breakthrough for planetary defense, and that all There is also a mission of unity with real benefit to humanity. NASA studies the universe and our home planet, Nelson says, and we’re working to protect that home as well, and international collaboration has turned science fiction into science fact,and a way to protect Earth.

The collision of the Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) spacecraft with an asteroid.

NASA's DART spacecraft successfully hits asteroid in planetary defense test.

The DART Spacecraft has targeted the small, 530-foot (160-meter) diameter asteroid moon Dimorphos after its 10-month flight, orbiting a larger, 2,560-foot (780-meter) asteroid known as Didymos. A one-way trip from the DART spacecraft has confirmed that NASA may deliberately collide with any asteroid in the future to navigate the spacecraft, and this is known as a kinetic impact.

The DART spacecraft and mission team will use ground-based telescopes to investigate the asteroid collision, to observe Dimorphos, and to confirm how much the DART impact affected the asteroid’s orbit around Didymos. Researchers expect the DART spacecraft to shorten Dimorphos’ orbit by about 1%, or about 10 minutes, researchers want to measure precisely, to determine how much the DART spacecraft deflected the asteroid went.

Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters, says planetary defense is a globally integrated effort, and will impact everyone living on Earth in the days to come. We now know that we can target a spacecraft with the precision necessary to impact even a small body in space, says Zurbuchen, but with only a small variation of its motion, we can get an asteroid, A significant change needs to be made in the way of travel.

What is the Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) mission?

NASA's DART spacecraft successfully hits asteroid in planetary defense test.

On 11 April 2019, NASA announced that the DART spacecraft would be launched by SpaceX Falcon 9, and the Falcon 9 was launched on 24 November 2021, 06:21:02 UTC, and on 26 September 2022, The Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) spacecraft deliberately carried out a collision between Dimorphos. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) is a NASA space mission aimed at testing a method of planetary defense against near-Earth objects (NEOs), and if an external asteroid is to hit Earth in the future.The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) has tested a method of planetary defense against extraneous objects (NEOs), with the aim of changing the path of the asteroid by spacecraft, so that the asteroid does not collide with Earth.

Targeting two smaller objects, a set of computational algorithms has been installed on the Smart Nav Dart, which will guide and navigation systems of other spacecraft, and more recently, it has allowed Dimorphos to be independent,have been discovered, and now it will guide spacecraft in the future. The DART spacecraft, with its 1,260-pound (570-kilogram) box size, directed into Dimorphos over a final 56,000 miles (90,000 km), and crashed at about 14,000 miles (22,530 kilometers) per hour, and crashed into the asteroid Slowed down the class a bit.

The final images of DRACO obtained by the DART spacecraft and the spacecraft a few seconds before the asteroid’s crash showed a close-up of the surface of Dimorphos, fifteen days before the impact of the Italian CubeSat for Imaging of Asteroids (LICIACube) spacecraft from DART’s impact and was deployed to capture images of the asteroid’s resulting cloud of ejected material. The Light Italian CubeSat for Asteroid Imaging (LICIACube) is a 6-unit CubeSat of the Italian Space Agency (ASI), and LICIACube is the first purely Italian autonomous spacecraft, a part of the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission,The LICIACube will analyze the crashed material after the impact of the DART spacecraft and Didymos asteroid.

LICIACube will send images of Dart’s impact ejecta and plume to Earth, and is studying the asteroid during its flyby of the Didymos system from a distance of 55.3 km (34.4 mi), 165 seconds after Dart’s impact. A global team is observing the asteroid system to within 11 million kilometers, and dozens of telescopes located around the world and in space are being used to accurately trace Dimorphos’ orbital changes, over the coming weeks,how effectively the dart deflected the asteroid.